In fact, he had good reasons for refusing to take money for what he was doing. Socrates repeats that the prospect of death does not absolve him from following the path of goodness and truth. Every textbook comes with a day "Any Reason" guarantee.
Laertius wrote that "men set upon him with their fists or tore his hair out," but that Socrates "bore all this ill-usage patiently. Consider the well-known story of Euthalus and Protagoras. There are certain advantages to be gained by it, and while he has no positive assurance of a life after death, there is a possibility of continued existence under conditions that are far more pleasant than the ones that are now being experienced.
This may have been true, for these persons were all free moral agents and, therefore, responsible for whatever they might do. Guilt Phase of Trial The trial began in the morning with the reading of the formal charges against Socrates by a herald.
Receiving such public largesse is an honour reserved for Olympic athletes, for prominent citizens, and for benefactors of Athens, as a city and as a state.
The first one is referred to as the older or more ancient accusation, and the second one is the contemporary charge being made by Meletus, Anytus, and others who are present at the trial.
Indeed, Socrates' teachings remained exclusively in the human realm, dealing with questions of ethics and virtue. Dozens of accounts of the three-hour speech apologia by Socrates in his defense existed at one time.
Any attempt that he might make to remedy unfair conditions would arouse the antagonism of those who were gaining material benefits from these practices, and they would put an end to his career.
Is Socrates being charged with being a sophist? This is the only collection of the three Platonic dialogues that also includes Clouds, a work that is fundamental for understanding the thought of Socrates in relation to the Athenian political community and to Greek poetry.
All he can do is answer their accusations as best as he can. Penalty Phase of Trial After the conviction of Socrates by a relatively close vote, the trial entered its penalty phase. This is the only collection of the three Platonic dialogues that also includes Clouds, a work that is fundamental for understanding the thought of Socrates in relation to the Athenian political community and to Greek poetry.
However, in order to appear that they are not at a loss to know what it is all about, they repeat the charges they have heard about philosophers teaching things up in the clouds and under the earth and making the worse appear to be the better cause.
In that way, Socrates published the financial consequence for Meletus to consider as plaintiff in a lawsuit — because the Athenian legal system discouraged frivolous lawsuits by imposing a financially onerous fine upon the plaintiff, if the vote of the judges was less than one-fifth of the number of judges required by the type of lawsuit.
This does not mean that he has any quarrel with the physical scientists. He notes that Plato wrote the Apology within a few years of the trial and must have expected many of his readers to have firsthand knowledge of the trial.
He recognizes the legitimacy of what they are doing, but he has preferred to give his attention to other matters, especially the ones that have to do with moral conduct and the welfare of the soul.
Actually, Socrates, while not accepting many of the popular conceptions of religion, was a deeply religious person.The charges against Socrates in his trial were the same accusations mentioned in the Euthyphro. Socrates was accused of corrupting the youth, not believing in the Gods of the state and sometimes it is added that he is also guilty of introducing new divinities.
Socrates on Trial: A Play Based on Aristophane's Clouds and Plato's Apology, Crito, and Phaedo Adapted for Modern Performance (), by Andrew David Irvine, is a contemporary play that portrays Socrates as philosopher and man, based upon The Clouds ( BC), by Aristophanes, and three Socratic dialogues, by Plato, the Apology.
In contrast Socrates’ portrayal in Aristophanes’ play “Clouds” is more positive, his character was written wanting men to be educated, hopeful that anyone.
In his play Clouds, first produced in B.C.E., Aristophanes presents Socrates as an eccentric and comic headmaster of a "thinkery" (or "thoughtery"). He is portrayed "stalking the streets" of Athens barefoot, "rolling his eyes" at remarks he found unintelligent, and "gazing up" at the clouds.
The comic playwright Aristophanes, who was a contemporary of Socrates, addressed the Socrates' issue in his play "Clouds," first staged in BCE, 24 years before the execution.
In "Clouds," Socrates is portrayed as a remote, haughty teacher who turned away from the state-supported Greek religion to worship private deities of his own device. This topic and the situation of the dialogue show that it is probably Plato’s response to Aristophanes’ play, The Clouds.
In that play, Socrates’ school of the Good and Bad Logic makes a certain man’s son rebel against him and learn to beat him.Download